Welcome to our pronunciation guide! Improve your Spanish!
Welcome to our pronunciation course!
As we said in our first entry, in this section on INTONATION we are going to study four types of sentences. Each one has one or more intonationsdepending on the context and the type of information to be transmitted.
TODAY we are going to study the intonation of the ENUNCIATIVE SENTENCES
The ENUNCIATIVE SENTENCES are sentences that affirm or deny facts. Examples: I am 45 years old. I am not young.
TODAY we will see 4 TYPES of ENUNCIATIVE SPEECHES:
1. With a single phonic group*.: the pitch drops at the end (descending intonation). We will point out the intonation of this type of sentences with: (↓)
*A phonic group is a group of words that are read without pause.
Listen to the examples of the AUDIO 2:
- Spain is nowhere near China. (↓)
- Four languages are spoken in Spain. (↓)
- I really like spicy food. (↓)
2. With two phonic groups (phonic group - pause - phonic group):
In the first one, the tone neither goes down nor up (maintained intonation) and in the second one it goes down at the end (descending intonation). We will point out the intonation of this type of sentences with: (→).
Listen to the examples of the AUDIO 3:
- When we went to Beijing in July, we ate roast duck.
When we went to Beijing in July # we had roast duck.
(phonic group) (pause) (phonic group) (pause) (phonic group)
- The Spanish Blue Book (→) you can't buy it here. (↓)
- I don't want to eat at your house (→) because I am in a hurry. (↓)
3. With enumerations:
A) In affirmative sentences: all sentences have descending intonationexcept the one in front of the conjunction (y, e, o, u), which is maintained.
Listen to the examples of the AUDIO 4:
- In Chengdu we saw panda bears, (↓) monkeys, (↓) ducks (→) and deer.
- You can travel to Barcelona by plane, (↓) by car, (↓) by boat (→) or by train.
* When the enumeration ends with ellipses, all the elements of the enumeration have held intonation.
- You can travel to Barcelona by plane, (→) by car, (→) by boat (→) by train... ( →)
B) In negative sentences: all of them have a maintained intonation but the last one.
Listen to the examples of the AUDIO 5:
- We have no book (→) no pen (→) no table. (↓)
- I don't want you to come today (→) nor tomorrow (→) nor ever. (↓)
4. With confirmatory appendix at the end (right? right?): the tone rises at the end (ascending intonation), although the rise is not as strong as in some interrogative sentences.
Let's point out the intonation of this type of sentences with: (↑).
Listen to the examples of the AUDIO 6:
- You're coming with me, aren't you? (↑)
- You are Eva's brother, right? (↑)
- You want the tea without sugar, don't you? (↑)